How to know if you have Acne Prone Skin:
Acne-prone skin can be identified by the presence of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and other blemishes on the face, neck, chest, and back. These blemishes can range in size and severity, and may be accompanied by redness, inflammation, and even scarring. Acne-prone skin can be caused by a variety of factors including genetics, hormonal changes, diet, stress, and certain skincare products.
To determine if you have acne-prone skin, you should pay attention to your skin regularly not daily and no magnifying mirrors as you do not want to be tempted to touch or pick as this will lead to scarring.
How to Support Acne Prone Skin:
Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during puberty or pregnancy, can also cause an increase in oil production and lead to acne. Certain medications and supplements can also cause acne as a side effect.
Bacteria, specifically Propionibacterium acnes, can also play a role in the development of acne, and bacteria thrives in oily environments and can cause inflammation and infection in clogged pores.
Lastly, diet and lifestyle factors can also contribute to the development of acne, such as eating a diet high in sugar and processed foods or not getting enough sleep. Stress can ABSOLUTELY trigger acne flare-ups (hello being a teen).
Sample Skincare Routine Steps:
A skincare routine for acne-prone skin should focus on keeping the skin clean, exfoliated, and well-moisturized. BALANCE and CONSISTENCY is key.
- Cleanser: Use a gentle, non-comedogenic cleanser that is formulated for oily or acne-prone skin. Ingredients to look for include salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and tea tree oil. I would avoid cleansing balms.
- Exfoliation: Use a gentle exfoliator, such as a chemical exfoliant beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) like salicylic acid, to help remove dead skin cells and keep pores clear and clog free. Add to clean dry skin in your evening routine, allow to absorb fully then move to your next step.
- Tone: Use a toner to remove any remaining impurities, and to balance the skin's pH. Ingredients to look for include green tea, niacinamide, tea tree oil, and aloe.
- Treat: Apply a spot treatment, such as a product containing benzoyl peroxide, colloidal oatmeal or salicylic acid, to any active blemishes.
- Moisturize: Use a lightweight, non-comedogenic moisturizer to keep the skin hydrated. Look for ingredients like hyaluronic acid, niacinamide, and ceramides.
- Sunscreen: Use an oil free sunscreen with at least SPF 30 to protect the skin from UV rays. Please don't fear Sunscreen as we want to best support our skin while its working to calm and heal the skin. It may take some time to find the SPF that works for you but it will pay off in the long run.